Enslaved African Americans escaped North to find refuge from the horrors of slavery. The state of Michigan became a crucial stop along the way towards freedom. This PDF explains why Michigan plays an important role in the Underground Railroad network.
The Underground Railroad PANDA Content helps a student prepare for the PANDA games through 125 abstracts on important Underground Railroad people, events, and organizations.
This PANDA elimination game will determine which teams will continue on to the championship game.
This PANDA Practice Game is designed to help your students prepare for the official PANDA Games. Please use this practice game along with the PANDA Content Packet.
Across many Northern communities, people remained vigilant to remind the public of the cruelties of slavery and why it needed to be abolished. This PDF explores the active role of the vigilance committee in the city of Detroit.
In the years leading up to and including the Civil War, not all African-Americans were enslaved. This PDF explores the lives of Harriet Jacobs, Frederick Douglass, Martin Delaney, and Benjamin Banneker.
On May 14, 1787, fifty-five delegates from the newly formed United States gathered in Philadelphia to revise the Articles of Confederation, and ended up restructuring the government by drafting a new Constitution. In doing so, the architects of the Constitution neither acknowledged or abolished slavery. Little did they know that by sacrificing black slaves in their efforts to create “a more perfect union”, in 1787, the delegates sowed the seeds of the disunion in 1861.