Voices of the Civil War: PDFs


The Voices of the Civil PDFs are educational tools to provide more resources for using the Voices of the Civil War film series in the classroom.

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Preliminary Voices of the Civil Tensions Between the North and South

The conflict between the Southern and Northern states did not start suddenly with the attack on Fort Sumter. From at least the beginning of the 19th century, the North and South were divided over the issues of slavery. This PDF explores the base issues that caused the American Civil War.

Credit Image: Missouri Historical Society

Preliminary Voices of the Civil War Northwest Ordinance

This PDF explores the purpose of the Northwest Ordinance, also known as the Freedom Ordinance. Enacted in 1787 by the Congress of the Confederation of the United States, the Northwest Ordinance was a way of accounting for those who wanted to settle in the Northwest Territory that would soon become Ohio, Illinois, Michigan, and Wisconsin.

Image Credit: Library of Congress, Rare Books and Special Collections Division

Voices of the Civil War Episode 0001 The Original Sin Part 1

In the years leading up to and including the Civil War, not all African-Americans were enslaved. This PDF explores the lives of Harriet Jacobs, Frederick Douglass, Martin Delaney, and Benjamin Banneker.

Voices of the Civil War Episode 0001 The Original Sin Part 2

On May 14, 1787, fifty-five delegates from the newly formed United States gathered in Philadelphia to revise the Articles of Confederation, and ended up restructuring the government by drafting a new Constitution. In doing so, the architects of the Constitution neither acknowledged or abolished slavery. Little did they know that by sacrificing black slaves in their efforts to create “a more perfect union”, in 1787, the delegates sowed the seeds of the disunion in 1861.

Voices of the Civil War Episode 0004 Resistance to Slavery

Before and during the Civil War, enslaved African-Americans resisted their bondage in a variety of active and passive ways. This PDF explores how freedom seekers used the Underground Railroad during the American Civil War.


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This program was funded by the U.S. Department of Education Underground Railroad Educational and Cultural Program.