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Voices of the Civil War Episode 0022 Gettysburg

On November 19, 1863, in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, President Abraham Lincoln gave the Gettysburg Address, just 272 words, lasting 3 minutes. The location of the Gettysburg Address had its own special resonance for African-Americans. Since the eighteenth century, the town of Gettysburg had maintained a small, vibrant African-American community. But during the Battle of Gettysburg, the two armies damaged or destroyed much of the property belonging to African-Americans, and many of the black residents who fled the town did not return. Though no one could mistake the meaning of the “new birth of freedom”, the Gettysburg Address remained silent about the fate of African-Americans. The “great task” mentioned by Lincoln was not emancipation, but the preservation of self-government. Though words cannot end a war or bind up a nation’s wounds, the Gettysburg Address lives on as perhaps the most significant speech in American history. Image Credit: Courtesy of Special Collections/Musselman Library, Gettysburg College

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This program was funded by the U.S. Department of Education Underground Railroad Educational and Cultural Program.