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Christiana Riot

Noah Buley, Nelson Ford, and George and Joshua Hammond fled slavery in Maryland and settled in Christiana, a town in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. Lancaster had several African American communities that made up a sizable, strong network for runaway slaves. Two of the runaways were recognized and a posse assembled—including Edward Gorusch, the runaways’ former owner—to capture them and return them to slavery. The black community in Lancaster refused to let them be taken. As many as 150 people armed and barricaded themselves at the home of William Parker, a former slave. When the conflict ended, Gorusch and his son were dead.

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This program was funded by the U.S. Department of Education Underground Railroad Educational and Cultural Program.