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Cincinnati Riot of 1829

Cincinnati’s black population grew from 700 residents in 1826 to 2258 residents in 1829. The dramatic population increase frightened Cincinnati’s white citizens, and the Ohio chapter of the American Colonization Society began publishing propaganda that claimed blacks were a threat to the city. Racial tensions were so bad by 1828 that the black community began planning a mass exodus to rural Ohio where they could establish a settlement. These efforts did not come together soon enough, and on August 15, 1829 a 300-member mob attacked Cincinnati’s black neighborhoods.

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This program was funded by the U.S. Department of Education Underground Railroad Educational and Cultural Program.