The Second Great Awakening was a Protestant revival movement that began in 1790. The movement began in upstate New York, in an area known as the burned-over district. Within ten years, the movement spread further west to Tennessee, Kentucky and southern Ohio. Like the First Great Awakening, this series of revivals were organized and attended primarily by Methodists and Baptists. The Second Great Awakening peaked during the 1830s and 1840s, when abolitionists greatly organized and politicized their cause.
The Secret Six, also known as the Committee of Six, was a group of six wealthy men that provided financial funding for John Brown’s raid on Harper’s Ferry. The secret committee formed in March of 1858. Together they funded Brown’s activities, and some members actively participated. After the disastrous raid on Harpers Ferry most of the Secret Six abandoned Brown. Some pledged their support after he was hanged, but Thomas Wentworth Higginson was the only one to publicly stand by him through the entire ordeal.
The Senator John Heinz History Center is the largest history museum in Pennsylvania. The center features six floors of long-term and changing exhibition space, a dynamic museum-within-a-museum, and the Library & Archives, an extensive scholarly resource documenting 250 years of life in Western Pennsylvania. The Library & Archives collection includes 700,000 photographs, prints, and negatives, 40,000 books, pamphlets, and monographs, 3,500 individual archival collections of families, organizations, businesses, and industries, 600 periodical titles, 500 maps and atlases. The History Center’s new exhibition, From Slavery to Freedom highlights the history of the anti-slavery movement, the Underground Railroad, and the impact of 19th century activism on the modern quest for civil and human rights in Pittsburgh. The exhibit’s goal is to immerse visitors in the evolution of the regions African American community. The journey starts in 18th century Africa and crosses the Atlantic and ends ...
In 1853, Seymour Finney purchased a lot on the corner at Woodward and Gratiot in Detroit and erected a four-story temperance hotel called The Finney Hotel. Nearby, on the Northeast corner of Griswold and State, he built a horse barn that was used to harbor fugitive slaves escaping to Canada. A Michigan Historical site plaque now marks the site of Finney’s Barn.
In 2005, the New York Historical Society launched an exhibition organized by chief historian Dr. James O. Horton on the history of slavery in the state of New York. The exhibition explored the troubling history of New York slavery in two part. The first part examined slavery from the 1600s to 1827, when slavery was legally abolished in New York State. The second looked at post-emancipation life for blacks in New York from 1827 to the federal abolition of slavery in 1865.
The Michigan Department of Natural Resources hosts "Slavery, Resistance, and the Underground Railroad in Michigan," developed by the Michigan Freedom Trails Commission. The website features Underground Railroad lesson plans, maps, and a timeline of resistance of slavery, resistance, and freedom from 1501 to 1893. Visitors to this website can link to other Michigan historical resources.
Sojourner Truth earned permanent recognition in America’s hall of fame, a rare achievement for an unschooled African American woman. Truth’s fame is based on her presence and performance in a number of grand public moments. She was a reformer, a preacher, a women’s rights advocate, an abolitionist, and an angel of mercy during the Civil War. However, Sojourner Truth began her life in a humble family enslaved to Colonel Johannis Hardenberg II, the son of a Dutch immigrant to New York.
The Sojourner Truth Institute, located in Battle Creek, Michigan, hosts this website funded by the Michigan Humanities Council. The website consists of several relevant pages about Sojourner Truth. Considered one of the most prominent nineteenth century women in the struggle for civil and women's rights, Truth chose Battle Creek as her home for the last years of her life and continued her abolitionist activities there. The website offers links to archival materials, recommended readings, and speeches given by Sojourner Truth, along with portraits of Truth by various artists, and a quiz for children and educators.
Held on October 26 and 27 in 1843, the State Convention of Colored Citizens was focused on procuring the equal and full rights of African Americans. The convention delegates included members of the Colored Vigilance Committee and prominent African American Detroiters. At the close of the conventions the delegates agreed to send an address to the State of Michigan outlining their political demands and petition for the right to vote.
Susan B. Anthony was born into an antislavery, activist Quaker household. From her parents and other Quaker abolitionists she was exposed to activism at an early age. In her twenties, she became involved in antislavery activism and the temperance movement. While living in Rochester, New York, she helped enslaved African Americans pass through the city and was the principal New York agent for the American Anti-Slavery Society. Through her activism she befriended Elizabeth Cady Stanton, who helped her organize the Women’s National Loyal League in 1863. After the Civil War Anthony devoted her life to women’s suffrage.